Management of Rare Causes of Pediatric Chronic Respiratory Failure

Nawal Al Shamli, Reshma Amin, Jackie Chiang, Jenny Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The need for long-term noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NiPPV) in children with chronic respiratory failure is rapidly growing. This article reviews pediatric-specific considerations of NiPPV therapy. Indications for NiPPV therapy can be categorized by the cause of the respiratory failure: (1) upper airway obstruction, (2) musculoskeletal and/or neuromuscular disease, (3) lower respiratory tract diseases, and (4) control of breathing abnormalities. The role of NiPPV therapy in select rare conditions (spinal muscular atrophy, congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, cerebral palsy, scoliosis, and Chiari malformations) is also reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSleep Medicine Clinics
Publication statusPublished - Sept 30 2020


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