Knowledge and Awareness of Prostate Cancer Among Omani Men Attending a Teaching Hospital

Mohammed Al-Azri*, Ali Sulaiman Al-Hinai, Mohammed Hamed Al-Ghafri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Prostate cancer is ranked as the fourth most prevalent cancer in the world and the second most common cancer affecting men. In Oman, prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men, with the majority of prostate cancer patients presenting in the more advanced stages of the disease. Public awareness of the risk factors, symptoms and emphasising the importance of seeking early medical attention could help to improve the outcomes and survival rates of prostate cancer patients. The aim of this study is to determine the awareness levels of the risk factors, symptoms and barriers to seeking early medical intervention among adult Omani men. A validated questionnaire measuring the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and barriers to seeking early medical help was used to collect data from adult Omani men attending a teaching hospital in Muscat, Oman. Out of 720 men who were invited, 600 participated in the study (response rate = 83%). The most recognised risk factor was obesity (366; 61.0%), and the least was sexually transmitted diseases (204; 34.0%); the most recognised symptom was unexplained weight loss (26.5%), the least was changes in seminal fluid (13.3%); the most common barrier to seeking early intervention was “not trusting the medical knowledge of the doctors” (57.5%), the least was “difficulty in arranging transport” (19.5%). Age, education level, marital status and family history of cancer were significantly associated with the participants’ knowledge of prostate cancer. Participants received a significant part of their prostate cancer awareness via the social media. National awareness campaigns using social media and information leaflets are needed to educate Omani men on prostate cancer awareness and prevention and to increase trust in the expertise of medical professionals. Further research exploring the barriers to seeking early medical intervention is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1010
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020


  • Awareness
  • Medical help
  • Men
  • Oman
  • Prostate cancer
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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