Jordanian nurses' knowledge and practice of breast self-examination

Israa M. Alkhasawneh, Laila M. Akhu-Zaheya, Samah M. Suleiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Aim. This paper is a report of a study to evaluate the knowledge and practice of Jordanian nurses in relation to breast self-examination. Background. Studies have shown that women who have learned about breast self-examination have positive attitudes toward breast cancer and practise breast self-examination more frequently, and that nurses who teach their clients about methods of early detection and breast self-examination are more knowledgeable about breast cancer screening and breast self-examination techniques than those who do not. Therefore, it is important to understand nurses' knowledge about breast cancer and its early detection. Methods. A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 347 Registered Nurses at three large cities in Jordan (response rate 95%). Data collection took place in 2005 using a self-administrated questionnaire with three parts and based on the American Cancer Society's guidelines: demographics, knowledge, and practice of breast self-examination. Results. Nurses reported high levels of knowledge of breast self-examination (M = 7·6, sd. 2·7). A high proportion of nurses reported doing breast self-examination in the past 12 months (85%), but only 17·7% reported doing so on a monthly basis. None of the demographic characteristics was found to be associated with the practice of breast self-examination. Conclusion. More health education about monthly breast self-examination and prevention strategies is needed for nurses and their women patients, especially for Arabic women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-416
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Breast cancer
  • Breast self-examination
  • Jordan
  • Knowledge
  • Nurses
  • Practice
  • Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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