Investigation of contact stiffness and its relation to friction-induced noise and vibration

J. A. Abdo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Because the apparent stiffness due to contact of one surface on another relates directly to the localized resonant frequencies, it is believed that accurate account of this property will lead to the fundamental understanding of causes of friction-induced vibration and noise. The mathematical model of contact is utilized to develop formulae for normal and tangential contact stiffness. This paper presents a study in which the various modes of elastic deflections of an asperity are also considered, as well as their effects. The bending, shear, and Hertz contact modes of elastic deflection are assumed to simultaneously occur for an asperity. Investigation of the combined effect of bending, shear, and Hertzian contributions to the contact stiffness indicates that the equivalent contact stiffness is best represented, among the three types of stiffness, by that due to Hertzian contact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-302
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Modelling and Simulation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Asperity deformation modes
  • Asperity shear
  • Contact stiffness
  • Friction-induced noise and vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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