Investigating the electrochemical windows of ionic liquids

Maan Hayyan, Farouq S. Mjalli*, Mohd Ali Hashim, Inas M. AlNashef, Tan Xue Mei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

230 Citations (Scopus)


The structure effect on the electrochemical windows (EWs) was studied using cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 16 ionic liquids (ILs), consisting of various cations such as piperidinium, pyridinium, pyrrolidinium, phosphonium, morpholinium, ammonium, sulfonium and imidazolium, and anions including bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, tris(pentafluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate, dicyanamide, trifluoroacetate and trifluoromethanesulfonate. It was found that all studied ILs have good EWs to be utilized as electrolytes in different electrochemical applications pertaining to industry. Furthermore, it was found that the structure of ILs affected the EW and both the cation and anion have important effect on the reductive and oxidative limits, respectively. The reductive limits of the studied ILs were found to follow the sequence of [P14,666]+>[N112,1O2]+>[HMPyrr]+>[BMPyrr]+>[EMIm]+>[MOEMMor]+≈[MOPMPip]+>[S222]+>[BMPy]+≈[HPy]+≈[HPPy]+. The oxidative limits were found to follow the sequence of [TFSI]->[TPTP]->[TfO]->[DCA]->[TFA]-.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-112
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2013


  • Ag/AgCl electrode
  • Cut-off current
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Electrochemical window
  • Glassy carbon macro-electrode
  • Ionic liquid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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