Inventory models for joint pricing and greening effort decisions with discounts

Syed Asif Raza*, Mohd Nishat Faisal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This paper aims to develop efficient decision support tools for a firm’s environment protection by using greening effort while yet improving profitability by utilizing pricing and inventory decisions with discount consideration. Design/methodology/approach: This study proposed a mathematical model for price- and greening effort-dependent demand rate with discount considerations. Later, the mathematical model is extended to the situation in which the demand rate is also dependent on the stock level, in addition to the price and greening effort. Efficient solution methodologies are developed for finding the optimal solution to the proposed models. Findings: Simple yet elegant models are proposed to mimic real-life applications. Structural properties of the models are explored to outline efficient algorithms with quantity discounts. Research limitations/implications: The paper considers monopoly and assumes deterministic demand. Only a more commonly observed all-units discount scheme is studied. Practical implications: The models provide decision support tools for firms in pursuit of joint profit maximization and environment consciousness goals. Social implications: The study develops environment-friendly approaches for inventory management and improving the profitability alike. Originality/value: This study is among the first to consider environmental protection with an investment in greening effort along with inventory management and pricing decision. The study also explored the effect of all-unit quantity discounts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-26
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Modelling in Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Discount
  • Economic order quantity
  • Environment
  • Greening effort
  • Inventory-level-dependent demand
  • Pricing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Decision Sciences
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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