Integrated analytical hierarchy process and grey relational analysis approach to measure supply chain complexity

Sujan Piya*, Ahm Shamsuzzoha, Mohammed Khadem, Mahmoud Al Kindi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand the drivers that create complexity in the supply chain and develop a mathematical model to measure the level of supply chain complexity (SCC). Design/methodology/approach: Through extensive literature review, the authors discussed various drivers of SCC. These drivers were classified into five dimensions based on expert opinion. Moreover, a novel hybrid mathematical model was developed by integrating analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and grey relational analysis (GRA) methods to measure the level of SCC. A case study was conducted to demonstrate the applicability of the developed model and analyze the SCC level of the company in the study. Findings: The authors identified 22 drivers of SCC, which were further clustered into five complexity dimensions. The application of the developed model to the company in the case study showed that the SCC level of the company was 0.44, signifying that there was a considerable scope of improvement in terms of minimizing complexity. The company that serves as the focus of this case study mainly needs improvement in tackling issues concerning government regulation, internal communication and information sharing and company culture. Originality/value: In this paper, the authors propose a model by integrating AHP and GRA methods that can measure the SCC level based on various complexity drivers. The combination of such methods, considering their ability to convert the inheritance and interdependence of drivers into a single mathematical model, is preferred over other techniques. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first attempt at developing a hybrid multicriteria decision-based model to quantify SCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1273-1295
Number of pages23
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Analytical hierarchy process
  • Case study
  • Complexity drivers
  • Complexity level
  • Grey relational analysis
  • Supply chain complexity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management


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