Impact of warming on biofouling communities in the northern Persian Gulf

Maral Khosravi, Ali Nasrolahi*, Mohammad Reza Shokri, Sergey Dobretsov, Christian Pansch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


While the impact of ocean warming on single species is well described, the impact on marine biofouling communities is not well understood. Effluents of power plants have higher temperatures and can be used as natural large-scale test sites to investigate warming effects on marine ecosystems. In the present study, we evaluated the impact of elevated temperatures in the vicinity of a power plant on macro-biofouling communities in the northern coast of the Persian Gulf. The impact site was on average 2 °C warmer than the control site. Our results demonstrate a significantly different structure and composition of biofouling communities between control and impact sites. Warming led to a 1.5-fold increase in the mean coverage of biofouling communities and slightly decreased functional and species richness. Our results indicated that future warming will likely increase biofouling pressure, while decreasing diversity of communities, particularly in habitats where organisms exist at their upper tolerance limits of temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102403
JournalJournal of Thermal Biology
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019


  • Biofouling assemblages
  • Climate change
  • Coverage
  • Global warming
  • Persian Gulf

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Developmental Biology


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