ICTV virus taxonomy profile: Bornaviridae

ICTV Report Consortium

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Members of the family Bornaviridae produce enveloped virions containing a linear negative-sense non-segmented RNA genome of about 9kb. Bornaviruses are found in mammals, birds, reptiles and fish. The most-studied viruses with public health and veterinary impact are Borna disease virus 1 and variegated squirrel bornavirus 1, both of which cause fatal encephalitis in humans. Several orthobornaviruses cause neurological and intestinal disorders in birds, mostly parrots. Endogenous bornavirus-like sequences occur in the genomes of various animals. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Bornaviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/bornaviridae.

Original languageEnglish
Article number001613
JournalJournal of General Virology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Borna disease virus
  • Bornaviridae
  • Bornavirus
  • Carbovirus
  • Cultervirus
  • ICTV report
  • Mononegavirales
  • Orthobornavirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology


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