ICT ethics-related cognition among undergraduate students: A grounded theory study from a social constructivist perspective

Maryam Nasser Al-Nuaimi*, Abdel Majid Bouazza, Maher M. Abu-Hilal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Moor (1985) designated two major problem sources typifying the social and ethical implications of computer technologies, namely, “policy vacuum” and “conceptual muddles.” Motivated by Moor’s seminal definition and Floridi’s (2013) conceptualization of information and communication technologies (ICTs) as re-ontologizing technologies, this study aims to explore Omani undergraduates’ cognition regarding ICT ethics. Design/methodology/approach: Adopting a grounded theory approach for the constant comparative thematic analysis, the constituents of ICT ethics-related cognition among undergraduates and influencing factors were scrutinized. Qualitative data were gathered via focus group discussions with undergraduates and interviews with academics and information systems professionals at Sultan Qaboos University. Findings: In total, 10 thematic categories revolving around a core category, constructing conceptual perceptions of and attitudes toward the realms constituting ICT ethics using an ontological, object-oriented approach, emerged from the comparative analysis. Undergraduates were found to adopt an applied approach when defining professional ICT ethics codes and policies, with a particular focus on information privacy and integrity. Research limitations/implications: This qualitative study was conducted at a single research site. This may restrict the generalizability of the findings. Postgraduates were not considered when designing this qualitative inquiry. Originality/value: The findings of the study hold theoretical and methodological significance with regard to ICT ethics-related cognition in the era following the fourth industrial revolution by sustaining feminist ethics in this research. Ultimately, the study developed a substantive theory scrutinizing the constitutive elements of ICT ethics-related cognition among Generation Z.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-607
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 2020


  • Academic integrity
  • Cognition
  • Grounded theory
  • ICT ethics
  • Privacy
  • Undergraduates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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