Historical Trajectory of Men in Nursing in India

Sathish Kumar Jayapal, Judie Arulappan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: During 100 BC, the world perceived that the nurses are meant for rendering care to the sick individuals. During 600 to 700 BC, the nurse was considered as the one who attends to the patient, is pleasant in his or her demeanor, does not speak ill of anybody, is attentive to the requirements of the sick, and follows the instructions of the physicians. The men who were wise and passionate to help the sick were trained by a medical teacher for years together who later became a doctor. India is the pioneer country in developing the formal nursing curriculum. With the emergence of British and establishment of East Indian Company and Imperial Government, the nursing education became more formalized. No men came forward to nursing. Only women have opted nursing and were employed as nurses. Very few men were trained as nurses informally and were sent for war field to take care of the injured soldiers. It took several years to elevate the standards of male nurses. Methods: The data were retrieved from the records of Tamil Nadu Archives and Historical Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The written permission was obtained from the commissioner for collecting the data retrospectively. All the collected data were checked for its consistency by matching the data again with the retrieved database. Results: Great British Government has brought the reformations in bringing up the working standards of male nurses. The reformation and renaissance of male nurses started in 1938, and it reached a level of recognition in 1950. The male nurses were recruited in 1938, but they reached the position of a head nurse by 1950. Conclusion: The male nurses had a long journey to overcome the hurdles in their practice and professional advancement. In recent years, the male nurses are identified for their extraordinary contribution in the delivery of health care.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSAGE Open Nursing
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • education
  • history
  • male
  • nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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