Health and environmental effects of heavy metals

Madiha Zaynab, Rashid Al-Yahyai*, Ayesha Ameen, Yasir Sharif, Liaqat Ali, Mahpara Fatima, Khalid Ali Khan, Shuangfei Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


Seafood safety is a critical requirement for sustained global quantitative and qualitative development. In recent years, unintended poisons have damaged human health and food quality. Heavy metals (HMs) distribution, speciation, bioaccumulation, and toxicity evaluation in aquatic settings are at their peak. Safe ecosystems have a significant influence in the possible composition of safe aquaculture products, which serve as the foundation of every food web. HMs eventually impose a number of stresses on the living organisms, contributing to increased mortality. Therefore, this study reflects and explains the exposure of heavy metals to aquatic food as well as the resulting health risks to humans. A more in-depth review on the translocation processes of metal toxins into seafood is provided. Finally, for achieving stability in aquatic environments, management techniques, genetic engineering, and remediation are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101653
JournalJournal of King Saud University - Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Aquatic
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Bioindicators
  • Ecosystem food chain remediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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