Further phenotypic delineation of Alazami syndrome

Abdulhamid Al-Hinai, Samiya Al-Hashmi, Anuradha Ganesh, Nadia Al-Hashmi, Abeer Al-Saegh, Watfa Al-Mamari, Fathiya Al-Murshedi, Khalid Al-Thihli, Adila Al-Kindi, Almundher Al-Maawali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Alazami syndrome (AS) is an autosomal recessive condition characterized by the cardinal features of severe growth restriction, moderate to severe intellectual disability, and distinctive facial features. Biallelic pathogenic variants of the LARP7, encoding a chaperone of 7SK noncoding RNA, is implicated in this disease. There are <35 reported cases in the literature. All reported cases share the same three cardinal features of the syndrome. Herein, we report on 12 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of AS from eight unrelated families. The cohort shares the same key feature of the syndrome. Moreover, we report additional phenotypic features, including genito-renal anomalies, ophthalmological abnormalities, and congenital heart disease. Whole-exome sequencing was used in all reported cases, implicating a clinical under-recognition of the syndrome. This report further expands the clinical and molecular characteristics of Alazami syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2485-2490
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - May 14 2022


  • Alazami syndrome
  • autosomal recessive
  • intellectual disability
  • LARP7
  • Microcephaly/genetics
  • Humans
  • Dwarfism/genetics
  • Syndrome
  • Phenotype
  • Ribonucleoproteins/genetics
  • Intellectual Disability/diagnosis
  • RNA, Small Nuclear
  • Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics


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