Formation of green rust via mineralogical transformation of ferric oxides (ferrihydrite, goethite and hematite)

M. Usman, K. Hanna, M. Abdelmoula, A. Zegeye, P. Faure, C. Ruby*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


This laboratory study describes the abiotic mineralogical transformation of ferrihydrite (F), goethite (G) and hematite (H) into mixed Fe II-Fe III green rust (GR). Stoichiometric quantities of ferric oxides were reacted with hydroxylated Fe II species under static batch conditions at a final pH of ~6.3 for 2h. Mössbauer spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to characterize initial and resulting transformation products. Results indicate that the order of reactivity to transform into GR is F>G>H. Complete transformation of F into GR was achieved while about half of G or H was transformed although G or H are known for their higher thermodynamic stability. As expected, the concentration of soluble iron at the end of the experiment followed the order H>G>F which is in agreement with the predictions of the Fe II-Fe III mass balance diagram. The formation kinetics of GR is much higher than that observed for magnetite (Fe 3O 4) under similar experimental conditions. Therefore in the environment, when hydroxylated Fe II species interact with ferric oxides, fougerite, the mineral counter part of GR, could be preferentially formed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Clay Science
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Fougerite
  • Green rust
  • Iron
  • Layered double hydroxides
  • Mössbauer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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