Forecasting sustainability of healthcare supply chains using deep learning and network data envelopment analysis

Majid Azadi, Saeed Yousefi, Reza Farzipoor Saen*, Hadi Shabanpour, Fauzia Jabeen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The main objective of this study is to propose a network data envelopment analysis (NDEA) model and a deep learning approach for forecasting the sustainability of healthcare supply chains (HSCs). Technological advances manifested in approaches such as deep learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and Blockchain are of substantial importance throughout HSCs and are understood as competitive advantages. Furthermore, applying advanced performance evaluation techniques, including DEA in HSCs for enhancing performance has attracted momentous attention over the last two decades. To make use of these approaches, a network DEA (NDEA) model and a deep learning approach are developed to predict the sustainability of HSCs. The developed model in this paper can determine the optimal value of bounded connections. Using the DEA capabilities, the threshold of each of these bounded connections is obtained to maximize the efficiency of decision making units (DMUs). It also identifies the role of the dual-role connections for each DMU. The results show that HSCs that use the least facilities and have the most desirable output, as well as the least undesirable output, are in the top ranks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113357
JournalJournal of Business Research
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2023


  • Deep learning
  • Forecasting
  • Network data envelopment analysis (NDEA)
  • Performance measurement
  • Sustainable healthcare supply chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing

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