Foot care behaviors among adults with type 2 diabetes

Melba Sheila D'Souza*, Susan D. Ruppert, Kader Parahoo, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Anandhi Amirtharaj, Devakirubai Jacob, Shreedevi Balachandran, Nasser Majid Dhabi Al Salmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Aim The aim of the study was to determine factors influencing foot care behaviors among adults with type 2 diabetes. Methods A correlational descriptive study was conducted with a random sample of 160 adults with type 2 diabetes from the public hospital between April and July 2014. Results Just over 15% of the sample had a history of foot ulcers and almost 42% had numbness/tingling and pain in their feet. Positive foot care behaviors were correlated with higher income, higher educational attainment, lower body weight, positive attitude and higher awareness of diabetes and its management. Conclusion Targeting type 2 diabetes people with low level of education, low income and overweight may help to enhance their foot care and reduce foot complications in similar populations, Implications. Those most at risk of foot problems should be targeted for education to increase their awareness of ways to prevent and to manage foot problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-451
Number of pages10
JournalPrimary Care Diabetes
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Foot care
  • Foot care behaviors
  • Foot preventive strategies
  • Foot problems
  • Nurse
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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