Flexural fatigue behavior of ultra-lightweight cement composite and high strength lightweight aggregate concrete

K. M.A. Sohel*, K. Al-Jabri, M. H. Zhang, J. Y.Richard Liew

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigated the fatigue performance of ultra-lightweight cement composite (ULCC) and lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) subjected to flexural load. The ULCC having mean density of 1450 kg/m3 contained cenosphere as micro aggregates and 0.9% volume of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fibers. The average 28-days cylinder compressive strengths of the ULCC and LWAC were 62 MPa and 63 MPa, respectively. 108 specimens were tested to measure the flexural fatigue strength under third-point loading. All the specimens were sized as 100 × 76 × 406 mm with an effective span of 300 mm. Using the experimental results, S-N curves were plotted and regression analysis was conducted to propose the equations (called Wöhler equations) for predicting the flexural fatigue strength of ULCC and LWAC. Also, the probabilistic distributions of fatigue life of ULCC and LWAC at a given stress level were modeled using the two-parameter Weibull distribution. The distribution parameters were obtained using three different methods. Design fatigue lives were obtained at different stress levels for ULCC and LWAC corresponding to different failure probabilities. The S-N relationship incorporating the failure probability is found more conservative than that found by Wöhler fatigue equation. The flexural fatigue performance of ULCC is better than that of LWAC, both of having similar strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - Jun 10 2018


  • Flexural fatigue
  • Lightweight concrete
  • S-N curve
  • Ultra lightweight cement composite
  • Weibull distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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