Fatty acid composition of muscle and fat tissues of Omani Jebel Akhdar goats of different sexes and weights

O. Mahgoub*, A. J. Khan, R. S. Al-Maqbaly, J. N. Al-Sabahi, K. Annamalai, N. M. Al-Sakry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the fatty acid (FA) composition of muscle and fat tissue in Omani Jebel Akhdar buck, wether and does slaughtered at 11, 18 or 28 kg body weight (BW). The fat percentage in dry matter (DM) of the subcutaneous and kidney fats ranged between 85 and 98% and that of muscle ranged between 17 and 21%. Subcutaneous fat tended to have lower DM than kidney fat. Palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0) and oleic (C18:1) acids comprised the largest proportions of FA in the muscle tissue (approximately 80%) with oleic acid being the most abundant. Ninety-one percent of the total FA were contributed by the C16 and C18 fatty acids being 31.6 and 58.5%, respectively. C19 and C20 were not detected in the muscle tissue. The essential FA, C20:2, C20:3 and C20:4 contributing about 1%. Muscle tissue of the Jebel Akhdar goat contained an average 51.3% and 48.7% of saturated (SFA) and unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), respectively. Polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) constituted about 5% and mono-unsaturated (MFA) 43.5% of the total FA. Subcutaneous fat contained more total FA (68.08%) than kidney fat (48.14%) in the whole tissue. Kidney fat contained higher percentages of C16 and C18 but less C:18:l than subcutaneous fat. The proportions of SFA to UFA was high in both fat depots with the SFA being much higher in the kidney than subcutaneous fats. C16, C18 and C:18:1c acids comprised 64.2 and 78% and C16s and C18s made up 81 and 85% of total FA in subcutaneous and kidney fats, respectively. In both subcutaneous and kidney fats, there was a trend of increasing values of DM and fat percentage with intact males having the lowest and females the highest values. Males had higher levels of C15, C18:2 and C18:3 but lower levels of C17, C18 and total C16, C18 and C18:1 in muscle tissue. Intact males had higher levels of C10, 12, 15 FA but lower C16:1 and C16 + 18 + 18:1 than others in subcutaneous fat. Intact males had a similar trend for C12 and 14 but lower SFA and higher UFA in kidney fat. There was a trend of increasing DM and fat% in dry matter with increasing body weight. C10, 12 and 14 of the kidney fat decreased with increasing slaughter weight. There was a trend of the two C16 FA decreasing and the four C18 increasing with BW in the kidney fat. This resulted in proportions of the total C16 and C18 FA increasing from 81.8 to 86.8%. These findings confirm those of other studies on goat meat quality that, as judged by fatty acid composition it is not inferior to that of meats from other farm animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-387
Number of pages7
JournalMeat Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002


  • Body
  • Fatty acids
  • Goats
  • Oman
  • Sex
  • Weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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