Extreme scenarios at the German north sea coast a numerical model study

Gerd Bruss*, Gabriele Gönnert, Roberto Mayerle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A procedure, based on numerical models is proposed to investigate the processes involved during conditions of extreme water levels within the outer Elbe estuary at the German North Sea coast. Nonlinear interactions between the different processes are analyzed and adverse combinations are simulated yielding new scenarios. Various conditions in the astronomical tide, three major storm events over the North Sea, several external surges and an increase in the mean sea level are analyzed. Techniques for the modeling of each of the isolated processes are developed and individually verified. The isolated processes are temporally shifted relative to each other and superimposed in various combinations. The results obtained from the present method, provide new insights into the nonlinear interactions between the involved processes. Generally, the effects of the processes seem to be reduced in superpositions with high absolute water levels. However, due to the large scatter of the results no general relations are found. New extreme scenarios are determined by iterative maximizations of the peak water level of different superpositions around spring high tide.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
Event32nd International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2010 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Jun 30 2010Jul 5 2010


  • Adverse superposition
  • External surge
  • Extreme scenarios
  • Hamburg
  • Mean sea level
  • Nonlinear interactions
  • North Sea
  • Storm surge
  • Tide
  • Water level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Oceanography


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