Exploring Factors Associated With Depressive Symptoms Among Patients With Chronic Pain

Mohamed Al Shukaili, Mohammed Al Alawi, Salim Al Huseini, Ahmed Al Shukaili, Maya Al Muharrami, Marwa Al Abdali, Hiba Al Harthi, Alkhatib Al Saadi, Rasheeda Al Balushi, Fatma Al Kasbi, Amal Al-Fahdi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Angie Cucchi*, Samir Al-Adawi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This cross-sectional study examined the factors associated with depression among people with chronic pain (PwCP) attending specialized pain clinics in Muscat, Oman. Two-hundred eighty-seven participants were recruited for the study, and univariate analyses were used to investigate the difference between individuals who scored above/below the cutoff points for depressive symptoms. A multiple regression analysis was used to detect the independent predictors. Twenty-six percent of participants scored above the cutoff point. Further analysis indicated that unstable family relationships pre-existing depressive symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 2.86; p = 0.044), a family history of depression (OR, 4.75; p = 0.019), severe pain (OR, 4.21; p < 0.006), having fibromyalgia (OR, 28.29; p = 0.005), and lumbago/truck (OR, 2.41; p = 0.039) were independent predictors of depressive symptoms. This study indicates that one in four patients with chronic pain also presents with depressive symptoms. However, the role of culture needs to be taken into consideration when interpreting these findings and when building on these data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-53
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Chronic pain
  • Culture
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Epidemiology
  • Predictors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Depression/diagnosis
  • Patient Health Questionnaire
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • United Kingdom/epidemiology
  • Chronic Pain/epidemiology
  • Adult
  • Female

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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