Evaluation of phytochemical, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of near endemic aloe dhufarensis

Neelam Sherwaniq, Khalil Al Mahroqi, Sardar A. Farooq*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Objective: Aloe dhufarensis is a local endemic medicinal herb used for centuries to treat diabetes, headache, fever, skin disorders and wound healing by the local people of Oman. The present research was initiated to substantiate the ethno-medicinal uses of this plant by assessing the phytochemicals and evaluating the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activity of Aloe dhufarensis. Materials and Methods: Dried, finely grinded leaves of A. dhufarensis were extracted with methanol for phytochemical analysis using standard protocols and several phytochemical such as saponins, alkaloids, terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, tannins, glycosides, anthraquinones, phytosterol, coumarins and carbohydrates were detected in the extract. Results: Extracts displayed significant antioxidant property, exhibiting a potent DPPH scavenging activity with IC50 value of 83.46 μg mLG1 and a strong hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 289.786 μg mLG1. Substantial inhibition of protein denaturation and anti-proteinase activity were recorded. Considerable antibacterial activity was observed against all 4 studied strains with the highest antibacterial activity recorded against the E. coli. Conclusion: The results reveal that A. dhufarensis possess a wide spectrum of phytochemicals that have significant pharmacological properties and substantiate the support to the scientific basis for the traditional use of this ethnomedicinal herb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-343
Number of pages12
JournalAsian Journal of Plant Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Aloe dhufarensis
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-oxidant
  • Phytochemical analysis
  • Total phenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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