Environmental impact of the Gulf War: An integrated preliminary assessment

Hosny Khordagui*, Dhari Al-Ajmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


This article provides an objective integrated environmental impact assessment of the Gulf War consequences. The environmental damage was evaluated and found to be significantly exaggerated by the media and speculators. The total amount of burned crude oil was calculated to be 52.5 million metric tons. Most air pollution field measurements were comparable to those found in Western cities. The health impact associated with such exposure was found to be minimal. The total amount of oil released into the marine environment ranged between 2 and 4 million barrels, much less than the early estimation of 12-14 million barrels. The marine environment is expected to recover much faster than earlier anticipations. Unlike water and air, soil pollution is likely to persist for some years to come.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-562
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Air pollution
  • Environmental impact
  • Gulf War
  • Kuwait fires
  • Oil pollution
  • Soil pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology
  • Pollution


Dive into the research topics of 'Environmental impact of the Gulf War: An integrated preliminary assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this