Entrepreneurship as a means for restructuring employment patterns

Tamer Atef, Masooma Al Balushi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growing numbers of youth seeking to enter the labor market place great pressure on educational institutions to reshape curricula, equip graduates with the right skills and qualifications, and reconcile the discrepancies between educational programs and labor market needs. Most new graduates join the labor market by accepting positions in government (public) or private sector organizations. Few of them undertake entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurial intention has been a dynamic field of study due to the job and career creation it involves and economic development it spurs as a result. The present study assessed receptiveness for entrepreneurship and the factors affecting entrepreneurial intentions among students in the Tourism Department of Sultan Qaboos University (College of Arts and Social Sciences), located in the Sultanate of Oman. Based on a survey of 36 students, findings reveal that the respondents are considering and interested in entrepreneurship and that pull and push factors influence and shape their entrepreneurial intentions. Reducing barriers and increasing support for students to pursue self-employment versus traditional public or private sector employment would increase opportunities for graduates to successfully join the regional, national, and international workforce, consequently easing the individual and national strain of unemployment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-90
Number of pages18
JournalTourism and Hospitality Research
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Labor market
  • Oman
  • entrepreneurial intention
  • entrepreneurship
  • government/public sector
  • private sector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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