Engineering Research Impact in Developing Countries

Musaab Zarog*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


The need to measure the quality of research and its impact on society and the economy is a very important step for justifying research spending. Although there is no particular checklist to evaluate research impact, it is almost agreed that 'worth spending' research is the one that contributes to the advancement of knowledge, economy, and social gains. Despite the difficulty of setting definite indicators for each specific impact, there exist some parameters, which can be used as guides to evaluate research impacts. Low-income countries, developing countries, usually have a limited budget for research, and therefore they have to be more careful and wise when spending on research. This paper reviews engineering and science, research impact evaluation in NSF (The National Science Foundation in the USA), EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council in the UK). This paper is attempting to emphasize that developing countries need to consider revising their impact of research to match their national needs and circumstances. The paper also presented a list of indicators, which could be used to develop a comprehensive measurement system for research impact that suits individual developing countries. Finally, the paper encourages developed countries and the global scientific community, to facilitate improvement of research impact in developing countries.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOSTECH 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665479851
ISBN (Print)9781665479851
Publication statusPublished - Feb 3 2022
Event2022 International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOSTECH 2022 - Virtual, Batam, Indonesia
Duration: Feb 3 2022Feb 4 2022

Publication series

Name2022 International Conference on Science and Technology (ICOSTECH)


Conference2022 International Conference on Science and Technology, ICOSTECH 2022
CityVirtual, Batam


  • economic impact
  • research collaboration
  • research metrics
  • societal impact
  • socioeconomic impact

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Control and Optimization

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