Effects of pollution on freshwater aquatic organisms

Patrick Amoatey, Mahad Said Baawain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the reviews of scientific papers published in 2018 issues on the effects of anthropogenic pollution on the aquatic organisms dwelling in freshwater ecosystem at global scale. The first part of the study provides the summary of relevant literature reviews followed by field and survey based studies. The second part is based on categories of different classes/sources of pollutants which affect freshwater organism. This is composed of several sections including metals and metalloids, wastewater and effluents, sediments, nutrients, pharmaceuticals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, flame retardants, persistent organic pollutants, pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs, emerging contaminants, pesticides, herbicides, and endocrine disruptors. The final part of the study highlights the reviews of published research work on new pollutants such as microplastics and engineered nanoparticles which affect the freshwater organisms. Practitioner points: Heavy metals concentrations should be assessed at nano-scale in aquatic environment. Air pollutants could have long-term effects on freshwater ecosystem. Future studies should focus on bioremediations of freshwater pollution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1272-1287
Number of pages16
JournalWater Environment Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019


  • aquatic organisms
  • emerging contaminants
  • engineered nanoplastics
  • flame retardants freshwater pollution
  • metals and metalloids
  • microplastics
  • microplastics
  • new pollutants
  • pesticides and herbicides
  • sediments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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