Effectiveness of meta-models for multi-objective optimization of centrifugal impeller

Sayed Ahmed Imran Bellary, Afzal Husain*, Abdus Samad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The major issue of multiple fidelity based analysis and optimization of fluid machinery system depends upon the proper construction of low fidelity model or meta-model. A low fidelity model uses responses obtained from a high fidelity model, and the meta-model is then used to produce population of solutions required for evolutionary algorithm for multi-objective optimization. The Pareto-optimal front which shows functional relationships among the multiple objectives can produce erroneous results if the low fidelity models are not well-constructed. In the present research, response surface approximation and Kriging meta-models were evaluated for their effectiveness for the application in the turbomachinery design and optimization. A high fidelity model such as CFD technique along with the meta-models was used to obtain Pareto-optimal front via multi-objective genetic algorithm. A centrifugal impeller has been considered as case study to find relationship between two conflicting objectives, viz., hydraulic efficiency and head. Design variables from the impeller geometry have been chosen and the responses of the objective functions were evaluated through CFD analysis. The fidelity of each meta-model has been discussed in context of their predictions in entire design space in general and near optimal region in particular. Exploitation of the multiple meta-models enhances the quality of multi-objective optimization and provides the information pertaining to fidelity of optimization model. It was observed that the Kriging meta-model was better suited for this type of problem as it involved less approximation error in the Pareto-optimal front.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4947-4957
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


  • Centrifugal impeller
  • Efficiency
  • Genetic algorithm
  • High-fidelity meta-modeling
  • Kriging
  • Multi-objective optimization
  • Response surface model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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