Effect of temperature on crude oil extraction by SC-CO2 at 40–70 °C and 40–60 MPa

S. Rudyk*, P. Spirov, A. Tyrovolas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The extraction process of crude oil by supercritical CO2 was simulated in a high pressure extractor at 40, 50, 60 and 70 °C, and at 20, 40 and 60 MPa in order to investigate the effect of temperature on oil recovery. The total recovery of oil increased by 30–40% at the pressure increase from 20 MPa to 60 MPa. The temperature effect on the total recovery at 40, 50 and 60 °C was insignificant while the total recovery increased by 10% as the temperature rose from 40 °C to 70 °C. The vapor recovery did not change substantially with the temperature and pressure increase at temperatures higher than 40 °C. The isotherms of liquid recovery formed a concave surface because of higher extraction results at 40 °C and 70 °C indicating a crossover pressure phenomenon. The fingerprints of the extracted oil fractions obtained by GC–MS chromatography at various pressures and temperatures exhibited a variety of shapes. A correlation was obtained between liquid oil recovery and sums of selective specific single carbon number groups. Lighter hydrocarbons of C7-C10 group were representative at 20 MPa, intermediate hydrocarbons of C15-C19 group at 40 MPa, and heavier hydrocarbons of C23-C31 group at 60 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-478
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018


  • Crude oil
  • Effect of temperature
  • Supercritical CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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