Effect of Circadian Rhythm Disturbance on the Human Musculoskeletal System and the Importance of Nutritional Strategies

Norsham Juliana, Liyana Azmi, Nadia Mohd Effendy, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Izuddin Fahmy Abu, Nur Nabilah Abu Bakar, Sahar Azmani, Noor Anisah Abu Yazit, Suhaini Kadiman, Srijit Das

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The circadian system in the human body responds to daily environmental changes to optimise behaviour according to the biological clock and also influences various physiological processes. The suprachiasmatic nuclei are located in the anterior hypothalamus of the brain, and they synchronise to the 24 h light/dark cycle. Human physiological functions are highly dependent on the regulation of the internal circadian clock. Skeletal muscles comprise the largest collection of peripheral clocks in the human body. Both central and peripheral clocks regulate the interaction between the musculoskeletal system and energy metabolism. The skeletal muscle circadian clock plays a vital role in lipid and glucose metabolism. The pathogenesis of osteoporosis is related to an alteration in the circadian rhythm. In the present review, we discuss the disturbance of the circadian rhythm and its resultant effect on the musculoskeletal system. We also discuss the nutritional strategies that are potentially effective in maintaining the system's homeostasis. Active collaborations between nutritionists and physiologists in the field of chronobiological and chrononutrition will further clarify these interactions. This review may be necessary for successful interventions in reducing morbidity and mortality resulting from musculoskeletal disturbances.

Original languageEnglish
Article number734
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2023


  • biological clock
  • chrononutrition
  • circadian
  • metabolism
  • skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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