Early Onset Colorectal Cancer in Arabs, Are We Dealing with a Distinct Disease?

Adhari Al Zaabi*, Asmaa Al Shehhi*, Shaymaa Sayed, Humaid Al Adawi, Faris Al Faris, Omaima Al Alyani, Maitha Al Asmi, Abdulrahman Al-Mirza, Sathiya Panchatcharam, Maha Al-Shaibi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) incidence is increasing worldwide. Efforts are directed to understand the biological and clinical signatures of EOCRC compared to late-onset colorectal cancer (LOCRC). EOCRC is thought to present differently across different ethnic groups and geographical regions. This study was an attempt to contribute with data from the Arab world toward the understanding of the clinicopathological parameters of EOCRC compared to LOCRC. Data from 254 CRC patients diagnosed at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital from the period 2015–2020 were studied. About 32.6% of all diagnosed CRC patients are below 50 years old, with no differences in gender distribution between EOCRC and LOCRC (p-value 0.417). Rectal involvement and tumor laterality were comparable among the two groups. Adenocarcinoma accounts for 83.3% and 94.2% of EOCRC and LOCRC, respectively. More mucinous and signet ring adenocarcinoma (8.3% each) were reported in EOCRC than LOCRC (2.9% and 2.2%, respectively). MLH1 and PMS2 loss are more common among LOCRC, but MSH6 loss is more frequent in EOCRC. The overall survival of EOCRC and LOCRC was comparable (median survival 64.88 and 67.24 months, respectively). This study showed comparable clinicopathological parameters between EOCRC and LOCRC from Arabs, which adds to the bigger picture of understand the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number889
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2023

Keywords

  • EOCRC
  • LOCRC
  • MMR
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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