E-Learning Experience in Higher Education amid COVID-19: Does Gender Really Matter in A Gender-Segregated Culture? Does Gender Really Matter in A Gender-Segregated Culture?

Mansour A Alyahya, Ibrahim A Elshaer, Fathi Abunasser, Osama H Mahmoud Hassan, Abu Elnasr E Sobaih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Despite a plethora of research on students’ experiences of electronic (e) learning amid COVID-19 in higher education institutions (HEI), limited research has recognized the differences between students based on their gender. This research aims to examine the differences between students regarding their e-learning experiences amid COVID-19, especially in a gender-segregated culture where female students do not have full access to conventional learning as their male counterparts do, albeit they often have more access to technology-based learning. A total of 1200 online questionnaires were analyzed from students (600 male and 600 female) in public universities in Saudi Arabia, which tend to use Blackboard to sustain their communication with students and e-learning amid COVID-19. The results of structural model and multi-group analysis using AMOS supported all the research hypotheses. The results showed that the path coefficients and significant values were higher among female students than among male students. Additionally, the explanatory power of the male structural model regarding the e-learning experience (0.58) was lower than that of the structural model of female students (0.85), reflecting a higher explanatory power to explain the e-learning experience. The research findings have numerous theoretical and practical implications, especially in gender-segregated cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3298
Pages (from-to)3298
Number of pages1
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • COVID-19
  • E-learning experience
  • Gender perceptions of e-learning
  • Gender-segregated culture
  • Higher education institutions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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