Discoloration of simulated textile effluent in continuous photoreactor using immobilized titanium dioxide: Effect of zinc and sodium chloride

Ahmed Amine Azzaz, Aymen Amine Assadi*, Salah Jellali, Abdelkarim Bouzaza, Dominique Wolbert, Sami Rtimi, Latifa Bousselmi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


In the present research, the optimization of the photocatalytic degradation of simulated textile effluent containing two pollutants (Methylene blue (MB) and Zinc) consisted of studying the variation of four parameters, namely initial MB concentration ([MB]I, mg/L), zinc concentration ([Zn2+]I, mg/L), sodium chloride concentration ([NaCl]I, M) and flow rate (Q, mL/min) through a design of experiment using the response surface methodology approach. Results showed that MB degradation depends by order of importance on NaCl concentration > MB concentration > ionic zinc concentration > flowrate. Modeling results presented a good concordance between predicted and experimental values with acceptable correlation coefficients (R2 = 0.9879 and R2 (adjusted) = 0.9773). Desirability function was applied on the second-order polynomial equation to determine the optimal experimental condition for fastest total photocatalytic degradation and it was identified as follows: For a maximal target of 85.91% and a desirability of d = 1.0, [MB] = 75 mg/L, [Zn2+] = 45 mg/L, [NaCl] = 0.125 M and Q = 500 mL/min. Moreover, results showed that zinc had a good affinity to cellulose material and contributed on enhancing the photocatalytic activity in terms of degradation. Mineralization of the dye was assessed for the optimal conditions using the TOC method. Moreover, special attention was also paid to better understand the effect of inorganic pollutant, scavenging effects of different molecules such as EDTA, isopropyl alcohol and CCl4 were examined and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Design of experiment
  • Falling film photoreactor
  • Heterogeneous photocatalysis
  • Semi-pilot scale
  • Simultaneous pollutants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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