Tests were conducted on eight reinforced concrete hollow beams subjected to combined load of bending, shear and torsion. The beams were designed using the direct design method that was discussed in Part I. All beams had an overall cross-section dimension of 300 × 300 mm with a wall thickness of 50 mm. The overall length of the beam was 3800 mm. The two main variables in the series were the ratio in the web of the maximum elastic shear stress due to twisting moment to elastic shear stress due to shear force which varied between 0×59 and 6×84, and the ratio of the maximum twisting moment to the bending moment which varied between 0×19 and 2×. The beams were experimentally tested in the University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK. Good agreement was found between the design and experimental failure loads. All beams failed near the design loads and had undergone ductile behaviour until failure. The results indicate that the direct design method can be successfully used to design reinforced concrete box beams for the combined effect of bending, shear and torsion loads.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- General Materials Science
- Mechanics of Materials