Digital factory–virtual reality environments for industrial training and maintenance

Ahm Shamsuzzoha*, Rayko Toshev, Viet Vu Tuan, Timo Kankaanpaa, Petri Helo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluates the use of virtual reality (VR) platforms, which is an integrated part of the digital factory for an industrial training and maintenance system. The digital factory-based VR platform provides an intuitive and immersive human–computer interface, which can be an efficient tool for industrial training and maintenance services. The outcomes from this study suggested that use of the VR platform for training and maintenance of complex industrial tasks should be encouraged and use of the VR platform for that purpose should be further evaluated. This paper highlighted the generic concept of the application of virtual reality technique within the digital factory to industrial maintenance and to build a low-cost VR application for a training and maintenance system. An application case on virtual reality technique in a power plant operations and maintenance is demonstrated within the scope of this research. Overall research implications on virtual reality concept in industrial applications are concluded with future research directions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1362
Number of pages24
JournalInteractive Learning Environments
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Digital factory
  • case example
  • human–machine interface
  • industrial application
  • virtual operations and maintenance
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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