Determination of shear wave velocity and depth to basement using multichannel analysis of surface wave technique

T. Seshunarayana*, N. Sundararajan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The dispersive characteristics of Rayleigh type surface waves were utilized to estimate shear wave velocity (Vs) profile followed by imaging the shallow subsurface granitic layers in the heart of Hyderabad. The reliability of Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) depends on the accurate determination of phase velocities for horizontally traveling fundamental mode Rayleigh waves. Multichannel recording leads to effective identification and isolation of various factors of noise. Calculating the 1-D shear wave velocity (Vs) field from surface waves ensures high degree of accuracy irrespective of cultural noise. The main advantage of mapping the bed rock surface with shear wave velocity (Vs) is the insensitivity of MASW to velocity inversion besides being free from many constraints such as contrast in physical properties etc. Modeling of surface waves data results a shear wave velocity (Vs) of 250-750 m/s covering the top soil to weathering and up to bedrock corresponding to a depth range of 10-30 m. Further, the computed N values (which is an indicator of site characteristic) based on the harmonic shear wave velocity up to a depth of 5 m is found to be quite high (> 25-30) well above 5 indicating the site to be safe and strong enough and not prone to liquefaction. A pair of selected set of results over granites are presented here as a case study highlighting the salient features of MASW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-504
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Geological Society of India
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Density
  • Dispersion
  • Granites
  • MASW
  • Shear wave velocity
  • Surface waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


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