Deliberate self-poisoning in Oman

Ziad A.J. Zaidan, David T. Burke, Atsu S.S. Dorvlo, Aziz Al-Naamani, Abdullah Al-Suleimani, Ala'Adin Al-Hussaini, Marwan M. Al-Sharbati, Samir Al-Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographics, precipitating factors, substances and methods used for deliberate self-harm in Oman. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Accident and Emergency (A & E) records of patients treated at the A & E units in Muscat from 1993 to 1998. Data were obtained form the history, and clinical findings resulting form deliberate self-harm. RESULTS: During the 5-year study period, 123 persons presented to various hospitals in the Muscat area with injuries that resulted form deliberate self-harm. Most of these cases were women, students and unemployed. There was a high incidence of family, marital and psychiatric or social problems. The methods of self-harm were most often analgesics (such as paracetamol) and non-pharmaceutical chemicals. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of self-injurious behaviour is low in Oman, compared with other countries, including other Islamic countries. The data illustrate a rising rate and a tendency to ingest toxic doses of analgesics or non-pharmaceutical chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-556
Number of pages8
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Acculturation
  • Arab/Islamic
  • Deliberate self-harm
  • Modernization
  • Oman
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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