Congenital eyelid anomalies: What general physicians need to know

Abdullah Al-Mujaini*, Majda A.L. Yahyai, Anuradha Ganesh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The eyelids are important structures that maintain the health of the ocular surface and have an important role in facial esthetics. Any interruption in eyelid development can lead to congenital eyelid deformities. Eyelid abnormalities in children may present at birth due to abnormal embryogenesis (congenital) or may occur at a later stage as the child matures (developmental). These abnormalities, in general, can be classified into three different categories depending on the location: malformation of the margins, malformation of the folds, and malformation of the position. Congenital and developmental eyelid abnormalities are among the most challenging problems encountered by ophthalmic reconstructive surgeons. Additional considerations include social factors regarding the patient’s self-awareness of their deformities and associated medical issues, which often coexist and maybe multisystem in nature. This article briefly reviews eyelid embryology, the most common congenital eyelid anomalies, and the management options available to address these conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere279
JournalOman Medical Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Embryonic development
  • Eyelid diseases
  • Eyelids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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