Confined Aquifer’s Hydraulic Parameters Estimation by a Generalized Regression Neural Network

Atefeh Delnaz, Gholamreza Rakhshandehroo*, Mohammad Reza Nikoo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Precise estimation of aquifer hydraulic parameters can be an asset to more sustainable management of groundwater resources. The nonlinear correlation of aquifer parameters along with equation-level complicacy of aquifers’ charging functions can be efficiently handled using artificial intelligence models due to their flexibility in mapping between the observed data and output functions. This study focuses on performance comparisons for generalized regression neural network, artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy interference system (ANFIS) for estimation of hydraulic parameters, namely storage coefficient and transmissibility of confined aquifers. To acquire a greater precision of the estimated output functions, the principle component analysis of the pumping test data was initially undertaken to reduce the input dimensions by filtering out redundancies and insignificant variables’ correlations. Next, these data are passed into the training and validation process of the artificial intelligence models. Several error indices, mean absolute relative error (MARE), RMSE, MAE, RMRE, Bias and R2 were used during the validation of the prediction models. Finally, the estimated output functions were compared against the traditional and yet commonly used graphical Theis method. As an example, MARE in aquifer parameters estimation by ANN and graphical Theis method was 0.5564% and 1.1320%, respectively. More generally, among all the intelligence prediction models used to estimate the hydraulic parameters of a confined aquifer, ANFIS was more accurate and sensibly required much less computational time than the others and, hence, may be selected as the superior model in aquifer parameters estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-269
Number of pages11
JournalIranian Journal of Science and Technology - Transactions of Civil Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Aquifer parameter estimation
  • Artificial intelligence models
  • Artificial neural network
  • Generalized regression neural network
  • Groundwater management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


Dive into the research topics of 'Confined Aquifer’s Hydraulic Parameters Estimation by a Generalized Regression Neural Network'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this