Comparison of conventional puddling and dry tillage in rice-wheat system

Muhammad Farooq*, Shahzad M.A. Basra, Saeed A. Asad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


In many parts of Asia, rice is transplanted in puddled fields and after the harvest of this crop wheat is grown. This traditional method of growing rice may have deleterious effect on the growth of the subsequent crop in a rice-wheat cropping system. Wheat crop was planted in the same plots following a rice crop to evaluate the residual effects of various tillage treatments suitable for rice on the growth of the subsequent crop. Rice cultivar Super-basmati was grown in summer and wheat cultivar Auqab-2000 in autumn after rice. Four treatments were used to grow rice viz. transplanting in continuously flooded conditions (TRF), transplanting with intermittent flooding and drying (TRI), direct seeded using dry seeds (DSR) and direct seeded using primed seeds (DSP). Traditional puddling tillage system was followed in TRF and TRI, while for DSR and DSP, dry tillage system was followed. For convenience, the abbreviations of the rice treatments were used to indicate the same plots during the wheat crop. For the rice crop, tiller number, fertile tillers, kernel and straw yield, and harvest index were significantly better with transplanted treatments (TRI and TRF) than the direct seeded treatments. TRI also gave a yield advantage of 5% over TRF. For wheat, crop following direct seeded rice was better than transplanting. This study suggests that intermittent irrigation in the traditional puddling tillage system and DSP dry tillage system are the promising alternatives that may be opted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalPaddy and Water Environment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Direct seeding
  • Edaphic conflict
  • Flooding
  • Intermittent irrigation
  • Rice-wheat system
  • Seed priming
  • Stand establishment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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