Comparison between solid and hollow reinforced concrete beams

Ali Said Alnuaimi*, Khalifa S. Al-Jabri, Abdelwahid Hago

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Comparison between test results of seven hollow and seven solid reinforced concrete beams is presented. All of the fourteen beams were designed as hollow sections to resist combined load of bending, torsion and shear. Every pair (one hollow and one solid) was designed for the same load combinations and received similar reinforcement. The beams were 300 × 300 mm cross-section and 3,800 mm length. The internal hollow core for the hollow beams was 200 × 200 mm creating a peripheral wall thickness of 50 mm. The main variables studied were the ratio of bending to torsion which was varied between 0.19 and 2.62 and the ratio in the web of shear stress due to torsion to shear stress due to shear force which was varied between 0.59 and 6.84. It was found that the concrete core participates in the beams' behaviour and strength and cannot be ignored when combined load of bending, shear and torsion are present. Its participation depends partly on the ratio of the torsion to bending moment and the ratio of shear stress due to torsion to the shear stress due to shear force. All solid beams cracked and failed at higher loads than their counterpart hollow beams. The smaller the ratio of torsion to bending the larger the differences in failure loads between the hollow and solid beams. The longitudinal steel yielded while the transverse steel experienced lower strain values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-286
Number of pages18
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008


  • Bending
  • Combined load
  • Direct design
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Shear
  • Torsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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