Comparative CSR decision-making in the Middle East: an exploratory study

Pierre El Haddad, Alexandre Anatolievich Bachkirov*, Olga Grishina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aims to explore the commonalities and differences of corporate social responsibility (CSR) perceptions among business leaders in Oman and Lebanon, two Middle Eastern countries forming a comparative dyad with a high level of cultural variance within the Arab cluster. Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were used to elicit qualitative data that were analyzed by means of multilevel analysis. Findings: The findings provide empirical evidence that CSR is a powerful factor in managerial decision-making in the Middle East with the national cultures of Oman and Lebanon exerting partially differing effects on CSR decision-making. Practical implications: The study enlightens practicing managers and policymakers in terms of the salience of multiple actors’ influence on CSR decision-making processes and the responses they may receive when developing and implementing CSR initiatives in the Middle East. Originality/value: The study proposes a seven nodal model, which captures the flow of CSR decision-making in the research contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-811
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • CSR
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Lebanon
  • Oman
  • decision-making
  • the Middle East

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management


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