Cold molecules: Formation, ro-vibrational cooling and electronic conversion

R. Horchani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The possibility of controlling all the motion as well as the internal quantum state of a sample of molecules is a long term goal in the cold molecules field. Although many different techniques have been used to produce ultra-cold molecules, in this paper, we will concentrate on the optical pumping technique successfully used to achieve rotational and vibrational cooling of Cs2 molecules. We will review the different photo-association schemes for molecule formation, the detection schemes through photoionization, the ro-vibrational cooling into a single level and finally the electronic conversion. In addition, we will present a theoretical model for both ro-vibrational cooling and electronic conversion that can be used for the preparation of different experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1630010
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics B
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jun 10 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold molecule
  • electronic conversion
  • optical pumping
  • photo-association
  • vibrational and rotational cooling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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