Characterization of Propagation Models in Wireless Communications for 4G Network

Nawal Al-Aamri, Zia Nadir, Hassan Al-Lawati, Mohammed Bait Suwailam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estimating the pathloss and signal strength of the transmitted signal at specific distances is one of the main objectives of network designers. This paper aims to provide generalized pathloss models appropriate for urban areas in Muscat the capital city of the Sultanate of Oman environment. The research includes studying different models of pathloss for the 4G cellular network at Muttrah Business District (MBD) at Muscat. Different models (Free Space model, Okumura Hata, Extended Sakagami, Cost231 Hata, ECC-33 Hata – Okumura extended, Ericsson, Egli, and SUI) are used with 800MHz. The results of the prediction models are compared with real measured data by calculating RMSE. The generalized models are created by modified original models to get accepted RMSE values. Different cells at MBD are tested by modified models. The RMSE values are then calculated for verification purposes. To validate the modified pathloss models of 4G, they are also applied at different cells in a different city in the capital. It has approximately the same environment as MBD. The modified pathloss models provided accepted predictions in new locations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • 4G
  • Pathloss models
  • Prediction
  • RMSE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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