Characterization of concrete blocks containing petroleum-contaminated soils

A. W. Hago, H. F. Hassan*, A. Al Rawas, R. Taha, S. Al-Hadidi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the results of a study on the potential use of petroleum-contaminated soil (PCS) in the manufacturing of concrete blocks. PCS was obtained from Fahud asset area in northern Oman, where contaminated soils are typically transported for treatment. Hollow blocks of size 400 × 200 ×200 mm, widely used in Oman, were manufactured with a mix proportion of 1:2:4:0.8 for cement, coarse aggregate, sand, and water, respectively. The coarse aggregate had a 10 mm maximum aggregate size. PCS was subjected to the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP). The chemical analysis of the extract indicated that the concentrations of metals and organic compounds did not exceed the maximum contaminant levels set by USEPA for TCLP extracts. Different mixes were prepared by replacing the sand with PCS with percentages up to 80% by sand weight in the mix. Five different tests were conducted on the concrete blocks: density, compressive strength, absorption, compressive strength of a masonry column, and thermal conductivity. The compressive strength test was conducted after 14 and 28 days of curing. The other tests were performed after 28 days of curing. Results indicated that PCS can be used with a replacement percentage up to 60% to produce concrete blocks meeting the Omani Standard specifications. The results also indicate potential deterioration when more than 60% PCS are used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)952-957
Number of pages6
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2007


  • Concrete blocks
  • Contaminated soil
  • Heavy metals
  • TCLP
  • VOC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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