Cauliflower-like CdS microspheres composed of nanocrystals and their physicochemical properties

Selvaraj Rengaraj*, Selvaraj Venkataraj, Sun Hee Jee, Younghun Kim, Cheuk Wai Tai, Eveliina Repo, Arto Koistinen, Adriana Ferancova, Mika Sillanpää

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Cauliflower-like cadmium sulfide (CdS) microspheres composed of nanocrystals have been successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal method using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as the template coordination agent and characterized by a variety of methods. Our experiments confirmed that the size of the CdS microspheres could be easily modified by controlling the chain length of PEG. Powder X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy measurements revealed the cubic structure of the CdS microspheres; morphological studies performed by HR-SEM and HR-TEM methods showed the cauliflower-like structure of the synthesized CdS microspheres. Each microsphere was identified to be created by the self-assembly of CdS nanocrystals and is attributed to the oriented aggregation of the CdS nanocrystals around a polymer-Cd2+ complex spherical framework structure. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis confirmed the stoichiometries of the CdS microspheres. Diffuse reflectance spectrum (DRS) measurements showed that increasing the PEG chain length increased the band gap value of the CdS microspheres slightly, from 1.99 to 2.06 eV. The cauliflower-like CdS microspheres could be applied to photocatalytic degradation studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 4 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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