Buoyancy induced heat transfer flow inside a tilted square enclosure filled with nanofluids in the presence of oriented magnetic field

Khamis S. Al Kalbani, M.M. Rahman , M. S. Alam, N. Al-Salti, Ibrahim Eltayeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes heat transfer and fluid flow of natural convection in an inclined square enclosure filled with different types of nanofluids having various shapes of nanoparticles in the presence of oriented magnetic field. The Galerkin weighted residual finite element method has been employed to solve the governing non-dimensional partial differential equations. In the numerical simulations, water, ethylene glycol, and engine oil containing copper, alumina, titanium dioxide nanoparticles are considered. The effects of model parameters such as Rayleigh number, Hartmann number, nanoparticles volume fraction, magnetic field inclination angle, geometry inclination angle on the fluid flow and heat transfer are investigated. The results indicate that increment of the Rayleigh number and nanoparticle volume fraction increase the heat transfer rate in a significant way, whereas, increment of the Hartmann number decreases the overall heat transfer rate. It is also observed that a blade shape nanoparticle gives higher heat transfer rate compared to other shapes of nanoparticles. The critical geometry inclination angle at which the maximum heat transfer rate is achieved depends on the nanoparticle volume fraction as well as on the magnetic field orientation. These results are new and have direct applications in solar thermal collectors and thermal insulator of buildings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-525
Number of pages15
JournalHeat Transfer Engineering
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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