Body Composition and Physical Activity among Omani Adults: A Population-Based Study

Hashem Adnan Kilani*, Mahfoodha Al Kitani, Manar Shaheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In the last century, huge advances were made in the understanding of physical activity (PA), sedentary life style, and physical fitness (PF). The present study aimed to address the role PA and PF in relation to health and wellbeing among Omani adult’s population. Subjects: The survey used complex, multi-stage, stratified, clustered samples of healthy Omani adults (n=100), non-institutionalized populations, to collect information about the anthropometric and physical activity. All study participants provided written informed consent. Results:It was observed that the age and PA are not significantly difference between males and females study subjects. Occupation, body mass index (BMI), and resting basal metabolic rate (RBMR) were significantly difference between male and females. The enrolled female subjects had higher BMI, and there was a negative relationship between male and female study subjects in BMI, percent body fat, and waist to hip ratio. Conclusion: Increasing PA will result in increasing the level of PF and thus reducing fatness. Body composition is the relative amount of fat, muscle, bone, and other vital parts of the body, a component that represents health in the PF and is increased with low PA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalThe Canadian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Obesity, Body Composition, Physical Activity

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