Biosimilars: An Update

Saravanan Bhojaraj, Thirumoorthy Ananda Kumar, Abhinav Ghosh, B. S. Sushmitha, Srinivasan Ramamurthy, Thirunavukkarasu Velusamy, Thiyagarajan Ramesh, M. K. Jayanthi, Musthafa Essa, Saravana Chidambaram, M. Qoronfleh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Biologics are medicines primarily derived from living systems and produced through recombinant DNA (rDNA) and monoclonal technologies. Generic version of biologics with improved efficacy and safety is called biosimilar. Patent and copyright expiration of biological products permits the entry of biosimilars. Synthesis of biosimilars involves two main processes, such as monoclonal antibodies and rDNA technology, and characterized by various methods such as posttranslational modification, mass spectrometry, peptide mapping, three-dimensional (high-order) structure, X-ray crystallography, ion mobility spectrometry, and hydrogen deuterium exchange mass spectrometry. Though both generic and biosimilar products follow the same regulatory approval, the requirements are not the same due to the variability in composition and instability. Hence, it is essential to develop pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data to support the efficacy and safety data on biosimilars. This review summarizes the recent updates on biosimilars, synthesis, characterization, and current market status. Brief information on the role of biosimilars in multiple sclerosis is also provided in the review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-16
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Biologics
  • biosimilars
  • monoclonal antibodies
  • multiple sclerosis
  • patent dance
  • recombinant DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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