Beach erosion along Al Batinah coast, Sultanate of Oman

A. Y. Kwarteng*, S. M. Al-Hatrushi, W. K. Illenberger, A. McLachlan, A. Sana, A. S. Al-Buloushi, K. H. Hamed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Coastal erosion is observed in some locations along Al Batinah coast, Sultanate of Oman, and is an important factor to consider for the coastal zone management. The overall sediment supply by wadis to the coast is roughly 1.5 × 106 m3/year, out of which approximately 48 % is trapped by water retention dams. The remaining 52 % is more than eight times the sediment transport rate along the coast. The numbers indicate abundance of sediment supply with respect to removal rates but local conditions could vary. We investigated the potential erosion/accretion at selected sites including the SE and NW of major engineering structures such as harbors and desalination plants. Beach profile surveys were repeated five times for the study sites between February 2006 and March 2008 using a total station. The more detailed studies of the beach profiles broadly came to the conclusion that Al Batinah coast was fairly stable. The maximum erosion rate measured was 0.8 m/year. Most profiles showed some variability, but overall, there was stability over the monitoring period. The cases of accretion or erosion were all closely associated with harbors and other coastal engineering structures; however, no cases were extreme. Seasonal accretion in the form of spring-tide berms of 1 m, sometimes varying from 1.5 to 2 m, was observed in June and November compared to the profiles measured in February. Most severe erosion and major sediment transport phenomena in Al Batinah coast are believed to occur during major storms events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number85
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalArabian Journal of Geosciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016


  • Al Batinah coast
  • Beach erosion
  • Beach profiles
  • Coastal zone management
  • Total station
  • Wadi sediment supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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