Application of phosphate water and slime in Agriculture: Investigation of the mobility of the pollutants using hydrologic modeling

E. Diamantopoulos, N. Dercas*, K. X. Soulis, S. Jellali, A. Stefopoulou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The use of phosphate slime or phosphate water in a Mediterranean region (Gafsa, Tunisia) was investigated through hydrologic modeling. The simulations were made using the Hydrus 1D software package for a typical soil in the area of Gafsa (Tunisia). Two main applications were examined: mixing the surface soil with the phosphate slime and irrigating with polluted (phosphate) water or irrigating only with phosphate water. The elements under study were Cd, Cr, Ni, and Sr. The results show that there is no significant risk of groundwater pollution with these elements if the phosphate slime or the phosphate water is used for agricultural purposes. The addition of slime in the upper soil layer retards the mobility of the pollutants. The results also show that the mobility of these elements is highly dependent on the applied irrigation dose. These pollutants need high amounts of water in order to reach great depths. This research was carried out in the framework of the EU project "Integrated water management of Mediterranean phosphate mining and local agricultural systems" (ELMAA).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-140
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Nest Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Heavy metals
  • Hydrologic modeling
  • Hydrus 1D
  • Phosphates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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