Analysis and design of steel-concrete composite sandwich systems subjected to extreme loads

Kazi Md Abu Sohel, Jat Yuen Richard Liew, Min Hong Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the design guide based on analytical, numerical and experimental investigation of Steel-concrete-steel (SCS) sandwich structural members comprising a lightweight concrete core with density ranged from 1300 to 1445 kg/m3 subjected to static, impact and blast loads. The performance of lightweight sandwich members is also compared with similar members with normal weight concrete core and ultra high strength concrete core (fc = 180 MPa). Novel J-hook shear connectors were invented to prevent the separation of face plates from the concrete core under extreme loads and their uses are not restricted by the concrete core thickness. Flexural and punching are the primary modes of failure under static point load. Impact test results show that the SCS sandwich panels with the J-hook connectors are capable of resisting impact load with less damage in comparison than equivalent stiffened steel plate panels. Blast tests with 100 kg TNT were performed on SCS sandwich specimens to investigate the key parameters that affect the blast resistance of SCS sandwich structure. Plastic yield line method is proposed to predict the plastic capacity and post peak large deflection of the sandwich plates. Finally, an energy balanced model is developed to analyze the global behavior of SCS sandwich panels subjected to dynamic load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-293
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers of Architecture and Civil Engineering in China
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • J-hook connector
  • blast load
  • composite structure
  • impact load
  • lightweight concrete
  • sandwich plate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture


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